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世界银行:外国投资者看好越南中长期经济前景

2021-09-17 22:10

附图。

(人民报)据越通社报道,世界银行专家刚发布了一份新的经济报告,其中指出,越南在2021年4月爆发的新冠肺炎疫情在8月份持续恶化,新增病例和死亡人数急剧增加。

为遏制疫情而延长社交距离措施和旅行限制导致工业生产活动中断,商品零售和服务业收入总额受到负面影响(比去年同期下降了30% 以上)。由于出口下降,贸易收支恶化,而注册的外国直接投资(FDI)增加,这表明外国投资者继续看好越南的中长期经济前景。

2021年前8个月,注册FDI资金总额达到140亿美元,仅比2020年同期下降了2%,而FDI到位达到117亿美元,比去年同期增长2%。实际上,越南在 2021年8月吸引了24亿美元的外国直接投资,较上个月增长了65%。上述的增长表明外国投资者对越南经济中长期继续保持信心。即便如此,由于主要经济中心采取的社交距离措施,8 月份外国直接投资到位环比下降14.3%,同比下降 12.2%。 2021年前8个月,财政收入仍比2020年同期增长13.9%,总支出同比下降了5.9%。

世行专家认为,今后,2021年越南经济的整体结果将主要取决于政府能否在9月份有效控制疫情,从而使经济活动可能在第四季度恢复正常。当前的首要任务是加快疫苗接种速度,以覆盖至少 70% 的成年人口。政府需要在短期内利用财政政策拉动内需,加快公共投资的到位进度,继续向受疫情影响家庭提供收入支持,以帮助恢复私人消费;协助企业,尤其是个体工商户,意在促进经济活动和创造就业机会。由于预算财政支出增加,而短期内预算财政收入仍将受到影响,需要继续谨慎关注财政收支平衡。(完)

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