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越南沿海省市重点管控和制止非法捕捞行为

2022-10-17 15:57

越南沿海省市重点管控和制止非法捕捞行为 hinh anh 1

附图。图自越通社

(来源:越通社)在欧盟委员会(EC)对非法、不报告和不管制(IUU)捕捞活动发出“黄牌”警告近5年后,截至目前,越南28个沿海省市的捕捞活动发生了积极变化。

巴地头顿省是海产品年产量较大的地方之一。为了实现海产品可持续开发的目标,该省一直努力采取措施来克服EC建议的问题。巴地头顿省农业与农村发展厅副厅长范氏那说,省人民委员会已指示职能力量加强监督检查力度,并与海警力量和海军二区司令部签署了合作机制,联合检查、控制、发现和处理“非法、不报告和不管制”(IUU)捕鱼的渔船。该省农业与农村发展厅在各渔港成立由边防部队、水产分局代表组成的办公室,对开航前和返回码头后的所有渔船进行检查,进而及时发现违规渔船并按规定处理违法行为。

富安省农业与农村发展厅副厅长阮智芳说:为了克服海产品捕捞作业的不足,该省整个政治体系都参与其中。与其他部分省份相比,富安省最大的进步是克服了侵犯外国水域现象。该省制定了多项协调配合机制,通过渔船监控系统(VMS)采集船舶的航行数据。与此同时,大力开展宣传动员,并要求所有船长签署不侵犯外国水域的承诺书。

据统计数据显示,越南全国渔船总数近9.2万艘。截至今年9月底,渔船监控设备安装率达95%以上。职能机构按规定组织实施海产品产量认证和追溯系统,基本上满足了要求。对在越南海域以外捕捞的进口原材料的原产地检查和证实工作严格遵守越南法律的规定,并符合《港口国措施协定》(PSMA)的规定,进而确保对出口到欧盟的海产品认证的管理和监督。该省按照PSMA规定,公布了14个外国船舶停靠指定港口,同时部署了实施PSMA协定的软件等。

为实现海产品可持续开发目标,农业与农村发展部建议各沿海省市重点加强检查监督力度。各地要抓紧核发捕捞许可证、食品安全证书、渔船登记、质检等;完成渔船监控设备的安装,有效利用渔船监控系统对当地渔船的海上活动进行管理;严格执行渔船进出港管制、捕捞产量监测、水产品产地溯源等有关规定。(完)
 

 

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