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东盟是越南商品的潜在市场

2021-07-28 23:45

(人民报)2021年上半年我国对东盟出口额为139亿美元,同比增长28.2%。由于地理距离很近,东盟成为越南商品的潜在出口市场。

今年上半年,越南进口额为212亿美元,同比增长50.5%,占全国进口总额的13.3%。鉴于进口额远远高于出口额,越南对东盟实现贸易逆差额为73亿美元,(2020年上半年为32亿美元)。

越南在东盟的主要贸易伙伴是泰国、新加坡、马来西亚、印尼、菲律宾、柬埔寨,越南与上述每个市场的双向贸易额高达数亿美元。

越南与东盟各国已经落实于2010年签署的《东盟货物贸易协定》(ATIGA),并正在消减关税。同其他协定相比,ATIGA中有关消减关税的承诺范围最广、速度最快。2018年越南已经完成关税消减路线图,东盟消减98.6%关税。总人口约为6.5亿、GDP规模超过3.111万亿美元、年均增长率为4.7%的东盟被视为越南的特别重要市场,也是越南产品走出世界之前尝试与其他产品作竞争的第一市场。

实际上,尽管拥有许多优惠待遇,地理位置便利,但东盟只被视为潜在市场。大多数越南企业尚未挖掘好该市场潜力以提高出口量。

据亚洲和非洲市场司,为了利用好关税优惠待遇,提高对东盟的出口量,越南要恪守原产地原则与确保原产地相关手续。具体是,被视为起源于东盟的某种商品是纯原产地的产品或完全在东盟地区生产的产品,或满足协定第三附录中所规定有关原产地规则的具体要求,即产品特定原产地规则。

这就是企业应更新与掌握有关产品标准、质量的规定,投资升级生产与保质线,注重于产品外包、设计、包装规格的时候。出口过程中,应主动了解并解决发生问题,及时向职能机构及越南驻各国商务处通报以获得协助。不断更新消费趋势,积极参加贸易促进活动,主动寻找与本地权威分销伙伴的合作机会以为越南商品打入各市场提供便利。(完)

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