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The local unique artistic features of a temple

Update: 13-05-2020 | 11:22:02

Phu Long communal house (also known as Phu Long spirit temple) is located in Hoa Long Quarter, Lai Thieu Ward, Thuan An City. This is a rare temple on Binh Duong land that has been recognized as a national-level historical-cultural relic.

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A corner of Phu Long communal house

Preserving the village culture

Like many other Vietnamese communal houses, Phu Long communal house is the place to worship the tutelary god of the villagers. According to the Provincial Museum, the unit managing this relic, the temple of Phu Long was built around 1842 (with documents recorded in 1822). In 1853, Emperor Tu Duc bestowed the Imperial tutelary of Phu Long communal house, the "Bao Bao An Chanh Truc Huu Thien Don Ngung" in memory of his contribution in helping the country to save people.

At first, the suspension was a temporary house built from simple items from bamboo leaves to make room for worshiping in the village. After that, the communal house was restored and repaired many times. In 1865, the communal house was overhauled, walls were built with lime bricks, and the communal roof was covered with tiles. Over the long period of history, the temple still retains nearly all the architectural features and decorative patterns of pottery from this major repair. The communal house was built in the style of Tam, the roof of yin and yang tile roofs is lined with flowers. The main hall of the communal house includes electricity, electricity and post-electricity. In addition, the communal house also has a martial arts house - a place where singing troupes often perform and perform in big ceremonies.

In addition to the main deity of the tutelary god, the communal house also worships Ngu Hanh upland, Nong, and Ho. The sage, gentle sage public emergency contribution, building communal house is also worshiped in the main hall. Every year, the temple of Phu Long takes place a number of major festivals associated with the cultural and religious activities of the people in the region; in which the feast of the Yen, his death anniversary is celebrated on the 17th and 18th of the 8th lunar month every year, the largest holiday of the family. Feast of the Phu Long peaceful holiday every three years is due to make a big offering and invite the troupe to perform for the villagers. In addition to the villagers in the area, on the occasion of the family's peaceful holiday, people in many other localities also come to visit the great ceremony.

Cultural and historical values

Phu Long temple is known by many people, often looking to visit and learn because it still keeps valuable cultural and historical values.

According to the recorded documents, during the resistance war against French colonialists and American imperialists, Phu Long temple was the place that sheltered many local officials and soldiers to hide for revolutionary activities. Due to the construction design and the special position, Phu Long communal house is always associated with patriotic fighting activities of the people in the area. After the liberation of the South, the country unified, when it was rebuilt, it was discovered that there were many things related to the secret revolutionary activities in the roof, such as: Red flag with yellow star, and flag of liberation front. , helmets, red medicine, bandages, etc. Many seniors later recounted that, due to their favorable location, had a roof that could hide so they used to hide here to work. Secret network for a long time.

In addition to being a place to hide revolutionary cadres and soldiers, Phu Long communal house has left a special impression on many people by the decorative art architecture. The entire front front and 2 gables, the concrete part of the communal house are carefully made from ceramic pieces. From pieces of colorful ceramics, through the skillful hands of artisans, the art paintings have been "painted", with obvious traditional folk topics. In other areas, such as the roof of the temple or the treasures, mascots (dragon, unicorn, tortoise, phoenix) arranged in the communal area are also covered and carefully made of ceramics, forming very special paintings. spectacular.

Since ancient times, Lai Thieu region has been famous for its ceramic craft. And the artisans of this land were very creative when using ceramic pieces to create works of art when repairing and restoring the communal house of Phu Long. The ideas, the unique art paintings in Phu Long communal house are made up of different pieces of large and small pottery. Many of the grafted parts look quite simple, like a bamboo tree made of overlapping cups. With the cups, several glasses upside down and stacked together also create undulating mountains. In addition to these simple details, in paintings that require clear lines, such as bamboo leaves, peacock's tail feathers, peacock's tail ... Workers have to be meticulously peeled and sharpened when New compositions show the sharpness, sophistication and highlight the picture that they create.

Pottery mosaics at Phu Long temple not only show the talents and creativity of the people of Lai Thieu, but also the values ​​of the ceramic products - one of the traditional crafts. ancient days still exist, developing on today's Binh Duong.

Reported by Cam Ly – Translated by Vi Bao

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